mildonium generic mexico meldonium birth control online india where one can buy mildronate meldronate indications for tonsillectomy mildronate dose response purchase mildronate in uk meldonium where buy can you get meldonium meldronate indications and contraindications mildonium ebay buying buy meldonium tablets uk mildronate online mexico mildonium chemical mechanisms that can turn buy mildonium online meldonium generic wikipedia drugs meldronate neopets meldronate legal status meldronate benefits of green meldronate wikipedia english mildronate online where to buy mildonium with amex meldonium chemical mechanisms mildonium vaistas lorafenas meldronate experience synonym over the counter drugs similar to meldonium meldonium lvl do you need rx mildonium mildronate without a prescription from canada mildronate otc prescription meldronate online without prescription it is allowed to order mildonium online mildronate wada farms purchase mildronate men meldonium stimulants can you buy mildronate over the counter meldonium klonopin side meldonium prescription coupon meldonium lotion warmer where could i buy meldronate without prescription meldonium online legally mildonium 500mg equals mildonium brands india mildonium online from uk meldronate yahoo esports meldonium sports enhancement meldronate liver cancer meldronate discount voucher mildonium neosporin kas ir mildonium name no prescription needed canadian online pharmacy mildronate reviews meldonium zithromax for sinus buy mildonium online australia no prescription meldronate lotion applicator ordering mildronate india mildonium with prescription mildronate what is it bioequivalence meldronate women mildonium medicamento overseas pharmacy no prescription mildonium buy mildonium online no prescription usa mildonium bodybuilding promo mildonium grindeks meldonium in sport shorts mildonium msds labels order mildronate on line uk mildronate without a prescription from india meldonium for athletes generic mildronate for sale on line mildronate juice press meldronate juice cleanse meldonium doping for gold meldronate on line in the canada mildronate ebay buying ordering mildonium uk buy meldronate inhaler canada discount mildonium of canada o mildronate dihydrate testosterone buy meldronate in ireland mildronate review where to buy mildronate online canada mildonium medication mildonium canada drug store meldronate quite list of tesco stores selling meldronate mexican prescription stores mildonium lorazepam 2mg meldonium mg buy very cheap mildronate meldonium wikipedia the free meldronate lotion bars can you order mildronate mildonium medication side effects mildonium billig kaufen meldronate cheap mildronate costco meldonium and doping mildonium without a prescription from canada mildronate grindex dealer meldronate uk brand name mildonium yahoo mail mildonium joint pain mildronate in sport what stands buying mildonium in manchester mildonium over the counter india purchase mildronate without prescription meldronate for men sale in uk meldronate lvac canadian drug company meldonium mildonium lotion american mildronate mildonium vaistai kepenims canadian pharmacy mildonium mildonium tinnitus symptoms online no prescription uk for mildronate mildronate liver cirrhosis kas yra meldronate mechanism mildronate grindeks mildronate to buy in the uk without a prescription buy meldronate mg online for meldronate prices at costco canada and meldonium meldronate what is it normal mildonium kickasstorrents mildonium lethal dose of oxycodone mildronate yahoo travel meldonium longevity physical therapy mildonium vaistai nimesil purchase mildronate on internet forums meldronate doping adsl meldonium for men in usa meldronate kaip vartoti viagra meldronate tablets comparison meldronate noprescrition needed canada online pharmacy meldronate 500mg magnesium meldonium what is it olainfarm 250 mg cena mildronate stimulant laxatives mildonium dose of colors american meldronate mildronate kick buttowski mildronate yahoo esports meldronate klonopin withdrawal meldronate russia mildronate doping control meldonium quitclaim order mildronate pills mildonium limited india meldonium without prescription medication purchase of meldronate mildonium medicine children mildronate vaistas zolpidem meldronate half life meldonium kickstarter buy mildronate online overnight buy meldronate online no prescription us meldonium i vena cava meldronate chemical mechanisms mildronate zayn meldronate carnitine tartrate cheap mildronate gel mildonium price mildonium zithromax for sinus meldonium kegunaan komputer mildronate without a perscription safe to buy mildronate meldonium cena 2000 mildronate ebay classifieds meldonium where to get meldonium mexico no prescription mildronate cost in canada meldonium over the counter uk mildronate tinnitus causes mildonium prospect meldronate wikipedia en india pharmacies online that sell mildonium where to buy mildronate online mexico meldonium lotion bars mildonium indications of pregnancy indian generics online mildronate meldonium klonopin dosage mildronate cena zlata mildonium uk sale meldonium xanax and alcohol mildronate pdf files mildonium kegunaan mildonium buy usa where to buy online drugs in the italy mildronate hplc cost of mildronate buy meldronate tablets us mildronate in sport tv safe place order meldonium is generic meldonium available in usa meldronate no prescription canadian mildronate meldronate where to get can you buy meldonium online meldonium cancer ribbon mildronate what is it deutschland mildonium liver disease can you buy meldronate online meldronate online from canada suppliers of meldonium in us meldronate lorazepam and alcohol buy mildonium tablets us best online non prescription pharmacy mildronate delivered to your home meldonium zantac 150 meldonium je online meldonium india where can i purchase mildronate mildronate wada cubs meldonium xanax addiction meldonium lv bags meldronate generic usa meldonium longevity meaning meldonium zach meldronate lethal dose of caffeine meldonium ukc buy meldronate have no prescription mildronate neo meldronate zithromax chlamydia mildonium drugstore.com meldonium cheapest rate purchase mildonium on line in mexico mildonium xanax overdose mildonium athletes performance sale mildonium where to buy mildronate with visa meldronate vaistas thiogamma mildronate medication overnight delivery meldronate drug in usa pharmacy buy meldronate online from usa purchase of meldonium online mildronate lorazepam dosage meldronate where to buy buy mildonium tablets india where to buy mildronate with mastercard mildronate delivery uk generic mildronate in usa where one can buy meldronate buy meldonium tablets usa mildonium dihydrate monoxide kas ir mildonium for sale mildonium numbness in left mildronate russia mildronate lths what used to mildonium europe pharmacy mildronate youtube movies meldonium what is it msds mildonium buy online australia cheap canadian meldronate no prescription meldonium cycling clothing mildonium canada overnight delivery mildonium cheap india pharmacy mildonium medicine cabinets mildronate russell buy mildronate with no script mildronate msds ethanol mildonium doping meaning meldonium instrukcija maslini safe mildonium no precription where purchase meldonium online meldronate overnight delivery mildronate uk online mildronate benefits where can i buy meldonium online without a prescription mildonium indications for blood mildronate online pay paypal mildonium journals for sale buy mildonium mg online for meldonium uk pharmacy buy meldonium mg online for mildronate where buy generic mildonium usa where do i mildronate in uk meldonium – or meldonium very cheap meldonium meldonium drug best place to buy mildronate in usa cheap mildronate sale uk mildronate tablets price mildonium tablets from buy meldonium in usa discount mildronate from canada meldronate uk online mildronate for sale philippines meldonium side effects people meldronate experience certificate prescription drugs without prescriptions mildronate buy online uk mildronate casino meldonium juice it up is meldonium available over the counter mildronate carnitine transporter canada mildonium tablets online meldonium doping in tennis meldonium injection sites mildronate stimulant trademark mildronate generic 2013 drugs meldonium lvad mildonium alcohol poisoning best place to buy mildronate in canada rx on line canada safe to buy generic mildronate from uk mildronate pills online in the india meldronate pills online in the uk mildonium over the counter uk meldonium benefits of flaxseed mildonium drug meldonium from usa pharmacy generic mildonium us best price for real meldronate buy meldonium boots pharmacy non prescription birth control pills to buy buy meldonium online overnight what is meldonium mg used to treat mildonium i vena cava meldonium zara mildonium tinnitus retraining what used to mildronate meldonium buy canada meldonium without a prescription from uk mildronate i vena meldronate injection pump meldonium without rx mexican prescription stores non prescription meldronate pharmacy mildonium dosage of aspirin meldonium stimulant crossword meldonium lotion for stretch buy mildonium online from canada genuine meldonium best price mildonium as a ped meldonium kicksonfire meldronate ketoconazole 200 meldronate stimulant drugs meldronate grindex parts meldonium longevity vitamins meldonium lorazepam side meldonium kainang meldronate over counter meldronate gx by gwen mildonium indications for pacemaker mildonium cheap canada pharmacy o mildronate dihydrate formula buy meldonium uk where to buy meldonium with echeck meldonium athletes corner to buy meldronate meldronate xanax side meldonium otc prescription meldonium grindex dealer mildonium grindex submersible pumps meldonium doping in cycling mildronate noprescrition needed canada online pharmacy mildronate zantac for babies cost of meldronate without insurance kas yra meldonium wikipedia mildonium vaistai nuo mildronate ampicillin how to order meldronate legal to buy mildronate online mildonium capsules vs tablets where to buy online drugs in the india order meldonium online meldronate dosed mildronate benefits using meldonium canada online no prescription meldronate what is it for buy mildonium online with no prescription mildonium what is it while pregnant canadian drug without a prescription meldronate juice beauty meldronate wadas order mildronate online no prescription with a visa how to order mildronate online buy meldonium pills in the mexico kas yra mildronate side meldronate bodybuilding supplements mildronate zithromax dosage meldronate longevity warehouse buy mildronate without rx mildronate qtc prolongation cheap meldonium sale uk generic mildronate india where do i meldronate in india order mildonium on line canada meldonium pricing mildronate ebay uk mildonium kainate mildonium amphenol meldonium dose of color meldronate australia pharmacy meldonium birth control online canada meldonium no prescription compare prices meldronate costco meldronate stimulant trademark mildronate stimulant x meldonium grindex submersible pumps meldonium in sports meldonium juicer how to buy mildonium in canada mildonium cycling helmets mildronate olainfarm latvia no rx pharmacies where could i buy mildronate without prescription meldonium zappos mildonium drug class meldronate drug in germany pharmacy safe to buy generic mildonium from usa meldronate what is it how fast does mildronate cancer horoscope meldronate sports meldonium medication overnight delivery mildonium legal status mildronate nutritional yeast meldronate lvn meldronate nootropicsdepot what does meldonium mildonium name meldronate cycling gear meldronate buy online ireland mildonium dosage of pepto cheapest meldonium paypal meldronate mexico companies only order mildonium online can i order meldronate online mildonium zantac 150 meldronate cycling meldonium kainaat mildonium with no perscription order meldronate on line canada meldronate without a prescription safe to buy generic meldonium from canada suppliers of mildronate in us meldonium australia companies only meldonium youtube broadcast what drug category is meldonium meldonium what is it fast does meldronate on line in the india mildonium jointer mildonium cheap fast meldronate deleviery mildonium in sport mildronate xanax alprazolam mildronate liver failure mildonium drug side effects meldonium instrukcija meldonium cena vs lesnar can buy meldonium online mildronate grindex pharmaceutical company brand mildronate buy meldonium what is it metamak mildonium ampules of lorenzini generic mildronate canada meldonium review mildronate mg canada meldronate numbness in fingers meldronate grindeks pharma order mildonium online no prescription with a visa meldonium buy online australia kas yra meldonium purchase how to buy meldonium in london meldronate what is it prescribed for mildonium india sale mildronate ampules med cab meldronate meldronate cancer meldonium nutritional yeast meldronate liver disease meldonium dihydrate testosterone meldronate shoppers drug mart meldonium dose where to buy online drugs in the australia what drug category is meldronate mildonium prescription coupon mildronate cancer ribbon mildronate bodybuilding forums mildronate carnitine benefits meldonium generic usa mildronate for men pharmacy buy drugs mildronate canadian online overnight pharmacy order meldonium on line usa mildonium mg uk mildonium qtc medical mildronate cheap us pharmacy meldonium benefits using mildronate for acute ischemic stroke mildronate nootropic stacks mildronate benefits of chia meldonium buy australia generic mildonium buy canada meldonium longevity plus meldonium price india mildonium you meldronate ampules versus where purchase mildonium
Share this page on facebook
Fall look a sign of tree trouble PDF Print E-mail
Feature
Written by BILL SCHANEN IV   
Wednesday, 11 September 2013 21:23

Port’s grand maples are withering and, in some cases, dying because of what experts say is a perfect storm of factors, starting with the drought

    It’s only the second week in September, but look at many of Port Washington’s partially bare trees and you would think it was late fall.

    The city, whose ash trees are already under assault from the emerald ash borer, is now watching its maple trees wither and, in some cases, die.


    There’s no single culprit as in the case of the emerald ash borer. Rather, a number of conditions and diseases are taxing maple trees of various varieties and sizes, experts said.


    It is a perfect storm for some of the city’s most magnificent trees.


    “That’s really what it is — the perfect storm,” said Jon Crain, the city’s arborist. “There’s a number of factors at work here, starting with stress from last year’s drought.”


    Add to that a number of funguses that have taken hold in compromised trees and planting mistakes made decades ago and you start to understand why some maples leaves appear to be dying on the branch and falling far too early.


    “There’s usually not one easy answer to problems like this, but it starts with the drought, and we’ll continue to see the effects of a diminished water supply,” said Olivia Witthun, the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources’s urban forestry coordinator for the east-central region, which includes Ozaukee County.


    “Stress from the drought sets trees like maples up for a number of other problems, which is why we’re seeing trees lose their leaves early and grow them late.”


    One of the problems that has become more evident in Port’s weakened maples, Crain said, is stem girdling roots, a condition in which trees that were planted too deep strangle themselves with their roots.


    “This is something that occurs when trees were put in too deep and the roots work their way to the surface and wrap around the tree, causing a slow death,” Witthun said.


    Some varieties, such as Norway maple, which constitutes a significant portion of the city’s maple inventory, have relatively shallow root systems and are particularly susceptible to girdling roots, Crain said.


    “At one time, the city thought Norway maples would make good street trees,” he said. “Now we’re trying to diversify and only plant one species of maple.”


    Among the other problems plaguing trees is an ironic result of weather extremes. Trees weakened by drought suffered another blow in the form of a wet spring that instead of reversing the effects of moisture depravation proved to be an ideal incubator for a variety of funguses, starting with maple tar spot fungus.


    The fungus, which appears as dark, tar-like spots on the leaves of maples, is prevalent throughout the city. And while it is generally considered not to be particularly harmful, it contributes to the withered look of the city’s maple stock.


    “It’s mostly just unsightly,” said Mike Wendt, an instructor of arboriculture and horticulture at Milwaukee Area Technical College, whose students will be in Port Washington later this week cutting down ash trees killed by the emerald ash borer. “Leaves may fall a little earlier, but all in all, tar spots don’t affect the tree to a great extent, although over many years it might.”


    Another problem with the city’s maples is verticillium wilt, Crain said.


    Verticillium wilt, which affects a number of tree species, is caused by a soil-borne fungus that creates toxins that attack a tree’s water-conducting tissues. Symptoms include scorched, curled leaves, defoliation and heavy seed production.


    Verticillium wilt can be fatal to trees, and because the fungus exists in the soil, the only way to ensure it doesn’t infect replacement trees is to plant species that are resistant to the fungus.


    So what’s the prognosis for Port Washington’s maples?


    “There’s no doubt these trees are stressed, but hopefully they should be OK,” Witthun said.


    Not all of them.


    Crain estimated there are a couple dozen maples in the city, some of which are towering trees as old as they are tall, that are dead or beyond saving. Those include a number of mature maples along Grand Avenue just north of Summit Drive that were stressed from drought and succumbed to root damage caused by recent road construction, he said.


    “It’s not a wave of sudden die off, but rather just a slow death of some of our maples,” he said. “There are a number on the north end of the city, some that are 30 and 40 years old, that are in really rough shape.


    “I’ve been holding off as long as I can. I don’t want to take too many maples down with what’s happening to our ash trees, but we had to take some down because it got to the point where there was nothing left of the trees.”


    There’s no cure-all for the city’s maples — and experts point out it’s not just maples that are suffering — but there are a few things that experts say can be done to help stressed trees.


    “Give them some water,” Witthun said.


    She also recommended mulching with wood chips from the base of the tree out to the drip line. In addition to aiding water retention, wood chips add nutrients to the soil.


    Crain is advising residents to rake, not mulch leaves. Mulching leaves puts funguses like tar spot into the soil, where it lives throughout the winter. Come spring, it is ready to infect trees again.


    “Our municipal forests are always under some sort of stress,” Wendt said. “There’s a number of factors at work this year, but none of them is as bad as Port’s major problem — the emerald ash borer.”


Image Information: HOLDING LEAVES he picked off the grass, Port Washington Arborist Jon Crain stood next to a dying Norway maple on East Whitefish Road Tuesday. The tree, which Crain said could be 50 years old, is suffering the effects of drought, funguses and girdling roots like other maples in the city.   Photo by Bill Schanen IV

Comments (0)Add Comment

Write comment
You must be logged in to post a comment. Please register if you do not have an account yet.

busy